What is Reactive Maintenance?
Reactive Maintenance, also known as breakdown maintenance strategy, is an approach where you fix the equipment when it breaks. This means that the maintenance is only performed once the issue is identified.
Maintenance departments may be under the impression that Reactive Maintenance is the easiest approach because there is no initial cost, and it requires lower staffing and less planning than planned maintenance.
However, once the breakdown occurs to critical equipment, it tends to catch you unawares and you get overtime and extensive repair costs. Therefore, this strategy is ideal for small companies or for maintenance jobs on less critical equipment where breakdown does not cause collateral damage.
Reactive Maintenance can be a part of your maintenance strategy because all equipment failure cannot be planned or predicted. However, you should not exclusively rely on the strategy and if zero downtime is important, you should consider another strategy.